Means lighting in Russian
- The Molniya (satellite), the Soviet military communications satellite.
- Molniya orbit, distinctive orbit associated with the satellite.
- The Molniya (rocket), a four-stage variation of the Soyuz launch vehicle
- The Molniya-L, a rare variant of the Molniya rocket
- The Molniya-M, a modernised derivative of the Molniya rocket